Note that most South African legislation may be amended from time to time. It is the reader’s responsibility to check that the latest version of any particular piece of legislation is the latest version.
In South Africa waste management is governed by the:
The Waste Act promotes integrated waste management based on the waste management hierarchy as a means to reduce the amount of waste going to landfill, through waste avoidance, reduction, re-use, recycling, recovery, treatment, and safe disposal as a last resort.
In order to reduce the impact on human health and the environment, the Act also includes minimum requirements and licensing for activities involving the storage, transportation, re-use, recycling, treatment and disposal of waste.
Essential information on landfill design is given in three documents:1. Minimum Requirements for Waste Disposal by Landfill (Second Edition 1998). Specifically Appendix 8.2 which deals with how to construct the landfill linings described in GN636 below.
Specific legislation, regulations, policies, norms and standards are referred to in the relevant sections.
Apart from specific waste legislation, the waste management sector is regulated by the following legislation:
The South African Constitution (Act 108 of 1996)
Hazardous Substances Act (Act 5 of 1973)
Health Act (Act 63 of 1977)
Environment Conservation Act (Act 73 of 1989)
Occupational Health and Safety Act (Act 85 of 1993)
National Water Act (Act 36 of 1998)
The National Environmental Management Act (Act 107 of 1998)
Municipal Structures Act (Act 117 of 1998)
Municipal Systems Act (Act 32 of 2000)
Mineral and Petroleum Resources Development Act (Act 28 of 2002)
Air Quality Act (Act 39 of 2004)
National Environmental Management: Waste Act, 2008 (Act 59 of 2008)
National Environmental Management: Waste Amendment Act, 2014 (Act 26 of 2014)
Copies of this legislation are available at Acts Online